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Main Goals



To determine the emissions of greenhouse gases: carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O), from the reservoirs managed by FURNAS Centrais Elétricas S.A.;


To identify the pathways of the carbon cycle in these reservoirs, as well as the environmental factors involved in it;


To evaluate the influence of morphological, morphometric, biogeochemical and operational variables on the greenhouse gas emissions;


To establish the previous pattern of greenhouse gas emission, prior to the flooding of the reservoirs;


To develop a spatial and temporal model of the greenhouse gas emissions in reservoirs that flood Cerrado environments.




The increase in greenhouse gas emissions, due to human activities, may result in drastic environmental consequences, both in a regional and in a global scale, and it will probably affect more severely the developing countries, found in low latitudes, than the countries of the Northern Hemisphere.

When Brazil ratified the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, it made a commitment to develop and maintain updated information about its emission sources, as well as about the sinks of the main greenhouse gases: carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide. The understanding of these sources and sinks is the first step in the quest for restoration measures.

Since the last decade, the scientific community has questioned whether large reservoirs destined to hydroelectric power generation make large contributions towards the increase of the greenhouse effect. For this reason, detailed research on this area is required. Also, it is important for the national electric power industry to verify the available options for a reduction of greenhouse gas emission per unit of energy, so that it may qualify for the world market of Certified Emission Reductions (CERs).

This project is the first effort towards the appraisal of the carbon balance of FURNAS CENTRAIS ELÉTRICAS S.A., in which the emissions from hydroelectric reservoirs may be compared to the emissions from thermoelectric power generation, and then contrasted with the carbon fixated by the reforestation projects under the Company’s auspices.

This Project was developed under the rules of law 9.991/2000, which establishes a minimum annual investment of 1% of the net annual revenue of the companies that generate electric power in research and development.
The procedures for the projects are determined by the National Agency of Electric Power (ANEEL).

Manager of the Project: André Carlos Prates Cimbleris
Phone: (55-21)2528-5436


FURNAS Centrais Elétricas S.A.

Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora

UFRJ - Programas de Pós-graduação de Engenharia

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais


Instituto Internacional de Ecologia e Gerenciamento Ambiental


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2007/05/18. Disclaimer: The Carbon Budget project is solely responsible for the contents of this website.

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